Our fifteen most-read analysis pieces this year examined the ideologies and tactics of jihadi extremism, what satellite images can teach us about the Boko Haram insurgency and environmental disasters, sexual violence, electoral violence, gun violence, intelligence gathering, and other crucial topics.
Starting up as a faction of a local Jihadi group, ISWAP has dominated the terror sphere in Africa, holding territories larger than those of its parent group and governing over millions of people across several West African countries and the Sahel.
Satellite photos give a glance into the emergence, growth, and disappearance of settlements around Sambisa forest, a notorious safe haven for insurgents waging a brutal war against Nigeria.
Lagos needs to rethink its approach towards mitigating the impact of environmental disasters such as flooding and sea-level rise. This will require protecting wetlands from further depletion and restoring lost areas.
The lack of livelihood opportunities for women and girls at IDP camps is one of the primary triggers of sexual abuse. As the displaced now return to their local government areas, where they still have to contend with access to means of survival, it is feared that the vulnerable groups may be heading for worse situations.
Ever since it gained independence, Nigeria’s electoral processes have been rattled by all forms of violence. The patterns remain strong as the country prepares to hold another round of elections next year.
Jihadists are deepening their use of social media, increasing the number of languages they communicate in, going as far as using emojis as code to mask online communication and evade clampdown by social media platforms, as they turn their campaign increasingly toward Africa, a report by extremism analysts has found.
ISIS has intensified its operations and plans to expand in Africa after the loss of territory in Iraq and Syria. The group, through a series of propaganda messages, is encouraging supporters to relocate to the continent.
The range of weapons used by IPOB militants appears to consist mainly of firearms from transnational origins, local fabricators, and those stolen from security forces. The group is also considerably skilled in manufacturing explosive devices.
Debates on bringing in foreign private security contractors often incite wild reactions, including from the military brass. However, such contractors are helping to fill capacity gaps.
The government’s inability to forecast and prevent the radical movement’s growth contributed to the insurgency that has now plagued Nigeria and neighbouring Lake Chad basin countries for over a decade.
One of the books designed by the Islamic State for children is similar to the “trace and colour” ABC for pupils text, but then also contains mentions of weapons such as armoured tanks and missiles.
In the past decade, close to 50 Chinese nationals in Nigeria have either been killed or kidnapped. Considering China is one of Africa’s biggest investors, does Nigeria stand to lose if this trend continues?
The reform of Nigeria’s intelligence community could improve public confidence, harmonise intelligence operations, and enhance the security apparatus’s ability to detect, isolate, and degrade threats to public safety.
Harmful greenhouse gases are created from decomposing waste and these rise up to the atmosphere to trap heat, causing extreme weather reactions in the form of storms and typhoons.
A combination of the terror group’s recent territorial stretch and relatively reduced hostility to civilians lessens life-threatening risks to resettled IDPs. But insights from other Islamic State affiliates suggest this may not last long.
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