A total of 679 insurgent related incidents were recorded in the first quarter of 2022, causing 340 civilian casualties, and 270 government forces casualties, according to the Global Protection Cluster April report for Borno state, Northeast Nigeria.
The protection monitoring report disclosed that as of March 31, 2022, over 150,000 people were adversely affected by 453 reported incidents, ranging from gender-based violence to attacks by insurgents and physical assault by the members of the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF).
Other incidents were abduction, fire outbreaks, looting, communal clashes, and forced evictions by landlords, with internally displaced persons, particularly women and girls, disproportionately affected by these incidents.
Borno State also witnessed a notable uptick in the use of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), between Jan. and March, with 163 casualties recorded.
The report also noted that government forces have considerably stepped up their operations under Operation Desert Sanity with the deployment of ground forces on a large scale in areas where insurgents operate.
Over the past weeks, the military has conducted clearance operations against the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) in Sambisa forest, the former stronghold of Boko Haram.
The military onslaught has also extended to the Lake Chad region with the multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) carrying out multi pronged attacks on ISWAP positions.
The conflict in the Northeast of Nigeria has led to nearly 350,000 deaths, mostly from indirect causes, and displaced over two million people.
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