The transitional military government of Chad has signed a peace deal with political opposition groups ahead of a national reconciliation dialogue that seeks political stability in the West African country.
The deal was signed with 42 rebel groups in Doha, the capital of Qatar in the Middle East, on Monday, August 7, 2022.
The peace accord is expected to pave the way for the presidential election promised by the military government of Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno.
He took over after the death of his father, ex-President Idriss Deby, who was killed in 2021 during fighting with rebels of the Front for Change and Concord in Chad (FACT).
Although there are 47 known rebel groups in the country, only 42 attended the peace talk that led to the signing of the pact in Doha. Those that boycotted made demands as a condition for endorsement.
Chad’s FACT released a statement saying it rejected the accord but stated its conditions for dialogue.
The group feared that the parties listed in the national dialogue would not be “treated equally”. Hence, they demanded the constitution of a new committee, the release of their fellow detained rebels from government prisons, and a written promise that the 38-year-old military leader, Mahamat Deby, won’t contest the presidential election as conditions for endorsing the peace pact.
Despite its volatile history, the central African country remains a critical partner in counter-terrorism operations in the Sahel and Lake Chad, where Al Qaeda and Islamic State-affiliated groups operate.
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